gender and region
Going forward, it is important to ensure that all policy and structural adjustments to support sustainable recovery go through robust gender analysis.  Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (2017), GEM 2016/2017 Womenâs Entrepreneurship, https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/gem-20162017-womens-entrepreneurship-report. Gender equality between the sexes is a condition for the success of the Nordic Model and a pillar of the modern Nordic welfare states. Almost half of employed women6 in Morocco and the Palestinian Authority hold part-time jobs (ILO, 2020), putting them at higher risk of job loss due to legal frameworks allowing easy lay-off of part-time employees. The outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has different implications for men and women around the world. As to date, only 15,000 of the targeted women have registered with Ahmini. â 8. In this study, we characterized age-specific and gender-specific changes that occur in five brain regions (cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, corpus callosum, and cerebellum).  ILO (2016), Women in Business and Management.  Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (2020), H.E. Creating space for women’s voices, needs and capacities is a necessary step towards building better cities and regions.  Care (2020), Rapid Needs Assessment Impact of COVIDâ19 on Vulnerable Populations in Jordan. A gender equality perspective should be systematically adopted in the crisis response and recovery measures. Gender. According to recent surveys, the vast majority of men in the MENA region still believe that a womanâs primary role is to care for the household, with respectively 87% and 72% of men in Egypt and Morocco holding this view (UN Women/Promundo, 2017). External religious issues can be broadly defined as an examination of a given religion from an outsider'… Jan Thesleff, Swedish Ambassador to Egypt; and El Sayed Torki, Senior Advisor, Federation of Egyptian Industries. In Yemen, UNFPA is providing support to the Reproductive Health Department of the countryâs main referral hospital for the treatment of COVID-19 cases.  World Bank Group (2018), The Global Findex Database 2017 Measuring Financial Inclusion and the Fintech Revolution, World Bank Group, Washington DC, https://globalfindex.worldbank.org/sites/globalfindex/files/2018-04/2017%20Findex%20full%20report_0.pdf. Specifically in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region1, the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak risks further exacerbating existing fragilities and inequalities, including gender inequalities.  ILO (2017), World Social Protection Report. More on the EU Regional Equality Monitor ➡️. These concerns were reported by The Guardian on 16 April 2020, in an article available at: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/apr/16/pandemic-raises-fears-over-welfare-of-domestic-workers-in-lebanon. This brief covers all MENA-OECD Initiative countries with the exception of Djibouti and Mauritania. As a result of confinement measures in the Zaâatari camp, refugees, including women, found themselves unable to access their livelihood outside the camp.  Bonnet,Â F. (2019), Women and Men in the Informal Economy - A Statistical Brief, https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_protect/---protrav/---travail/documents/publication/wcms_711798.pdf. Public-private dialogues should be strengthened to integrate the interests and role of women-owned businesses in preparing countriesâ recovery.  ILO (2020), Incidence of part-time employment by sex, https://www.ilo.org/shinyapps/bulkexplorer54/?lang=en&segment=indicator&id=EMP_PTER_SEX_RT_A. There are interesting features of voting behaviour by gender, age, ethnicity and region from the 1997 election. More specifically, only 41% of female-headed households reported that their children had access to Darsak, the website launched by the Ministry of Education to support continuity of learning, compared to 56% of male-headed households. In Morocco, following the announcement of the lockdown, the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Administrative Reform issued a circular facilitating the use of teleworking and other flexible working arrangements in order to remain public administrations open with only essential physical presence on site. The female gross enrolment ratio, for example, is womenâs total enrolment in tertiary education expressed as a percentage of the eligible official school-age population corresponding to tertiary education. Gaining Momentum in the Middle East & North Africa, https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---arabstates/---ro-beirut/documents/publication/wcms_446101.pdf. Dr. Awad, Highlights the Situation of the Palestinian Women on the International Womenâs Day, 08/03/2020, http://www.pcbs.gov.ps/site/512/default.aspx?lang=en&ItemID=3679. Public policy actions directed at low-income households will therefore be of particular importance to mitigate the economic impact of the COVID-19 crisis on women and girls. In Tunisia, many domestic workers are being deprived of income and have to live in cramped apartments with higher risks of infection. In the context of school closures across the region, digital technologies are key to enable continuity of education and learning for students. In Egypt, costs emerging from marital violence for survivor women and their families were estimated to be at least EUR 127 million annually, based only on the cost of the most recent severe incident the woman faced (CAPMAS, NCW and UNFPA, 2016).Â. The current crisis, however, risks affecting this progress. Across the MENA region, governments have taken economic measures aimed at mitigating the socio-economic consequences of the crisis for both households and businesses. Containment measures implemented in most MENA countries to curb the spread of the pandemic will increase womenâs unpaid care work as they will have to shoulder the additional burden of home schooling and taking care of the sick and the elderly. The report measures four dimensions: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment. Organisation for Economic, OECD Policy Responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19), Impact of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis on gender equality, Drop-out rates disproportionately affect girls, as they may take on extra care responsibilities instead of going to school or engaging in home-schooling activities, Digital gender divides could further widen learning inequalities, Sectoral and occupational segregation and womenâs overall lesser status in the labour market may make them more vulnerable to unemployment and job insecurity, Self-employed women and women-led SMEs face severe challenges, but also opportunities, Women in the informal economy are bearing the brunt of the economic downturn, MENA women are often excluded from social protection schemes, essential for cushioning income loss, Female health and social service workers face higher risks of infection, exacerbated inequality at work, and challenging conditions to balance work and family life, Amplified care work during the crisis 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The Womenâs Empowerment Principles (WEPs) developed by UN Global Compact and UN Women provide a valuable framework to support businesses in adopting proactive policies to support womenâs economic empowerment. In Syria, it is coordinating with the Ministry of Health to maintain pre- and post-natal care, including by supporting the establishment of dedicated mobile clinics to meet pregnant womenâs needs. Protection of domestic workers in the Tunisian Labor market, https: //www.independent.co.uk/voices/middle-east-domestic-violence-coronavirus-lockdown-lebanon-refugee-camps-a9472896.html companiesâ employees 30! Please, click on the @ UNDP gender inequality index, ” he concluded legal exacerbate... In developing countries measures taken by national actors are also playing an important role in supporting and complementing efforts... Between different agencies and services can be boosted to facilitate survivor-centred Justice pathways % 20report_0.pdf increase... 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Few countries in the region have targeted cash transfer programmes for the police economic participation and,... Yemen, UNFPA is providing support to the reproductive health repayment of loans and credits has suspended... Egyptian government has implemented measures prioritising maternal needs of women relative to the central gender is! To support daily wage workers have benefited from this initiative as part of the female medical workforce is.!
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